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However, Guy Sacre, the compiler of the massive French piano music encyclopaedia La musique de piano, , ranks these collections as "among the best of Sibelius's works", adding that they "constitute a kind of Jugend-Album, which is pleasant to play for the fingers and mind of a young and a more mature! Even if the opuses contain no outstanding works, they are imaginative and excellent pieces, which certainly all Finnish piano students find indispensable. Many of them are charming tributes to the pianism of Chopin, Schumann, Liszt and Tchaikovsky.
Valse , op. This is a kind of miniature Chopin piece, providing excellent preparatory practice for the more demanding works of the great master of the piano.
The explicit pause at the end resembles that in Chopin's Minute Waltz. Air de danse , op. A charming gavotte pastiche. Boutade , op. This "Boutade" caprice is somewhat Chopinesque. In its ppp waltz parts the main note of the melody always strikes a dissonance with the accompaniment. Joueur de harpe , op. It closely resembles The Bard Reconnaissance , op. Menuetto, op. The movement is a genuine Rococo Dance. Berceuse , op. This "Cradle Song" is a small melodic pearl. It has also been arranged for orchestra.
Rondoletto , op. A Viennese polka in a moderate tempo. There are delightful harmonic deviations from the home key.
Alla polacca , op. Every piano student loves this aristocratic and suitably pompous festive polonaise. Four lyrical pieces op. It may easily seem that in the middle of his darkest creative period, marked by abstinence from alcohol and tobacco, Sibelius wrote "too many" miniatures. Indeed, many writers have simply lumped together the piano opuses and regarded them collectively as "insignificant, "worthless", "trivial" or "unrewarding" pieces.
However, this has led to a number of Sibelius's first-rate works being ignored. For instance opus 74 is definitely one of Sibelius's best piano suites. Guy Sacre is quite right in saying that it is "moving and poetic, a collection worth preserving as a whole". This piece draws its inspiration from classical antiquity and its pure and innocent classicism is disarming. One Sibelius's most enchanting piano pieces.
It may have influences from Debussy's L'isle joyeuse and Ravel's sonatina. It points in the direction of The Oceanides Cinq morceaux op.
Sibelius's "tree cycle" is one of the finest examples of the composer's sensitive, pantheistic way of feeling: "the trees speak" to him. The popularity of the opus speaks for itself. This piece brings to mind Tchaikovsky's piano songs. It is a "chanson triste" or a "chanson sans paroles". Den ensamma furan Grave, At the time of its composition it was interpreted as a symbol of Finland standing firm against the icy winds from the east.
Aspen Andantino, The responses from the baritone register of the left hand and the bare accompanying chords on the right hand are Nordic in their taciturnity. The birch, the favourite tree of the Finns, "stands so white".
The first two strophes of the piece are in B flat Mixolydian mode. Their left-hand ostinato produces the effect of a field, by minimalist means.
The Misterioso closing of the work, the third strophe, remains strangely open: the scale points in the direction of A flat Mixolydian, but it can also be interpreted as striving in the direction of a D flat centre. The riddle is not solved, since a low D flat note appears under the concluding open chord A flat - E flat. Granen The Spruce Stretto-Lento; This is one of Sibelius's indisputable hits, a slow waltz comparable to Valse triste.
The fast arpeggios in the Risoluto section are truly stunning. Treize morceaux op.
The suite is heterogeneous as a whole, but it contains several extremely popular pieces. Many of them are short and simple, but there are also important works among them. In Erik Tawaststjerna's opinion the opus "contains some of Sibelius's finest miniatures". This flower Linnaea borealis was Linnaeus' favourite flower and was named after him.
Now, if we arrange a second card and wheel and cause them to be set in motion together with the first we shall find that when the two wheels are revolved at the same speed, they produce sounds of the same pitch. Kinderszenen, Op. First performance by Oskar Merikanto, 17th April Helsinki. Earlier still are the accounts, in the shape of cuneiform or other inscriptions, that show a form of lyre to have been in use among the Assyrians. No string ever vibrates as a whole without simultaneously vibrating in segments, which are aliquot parts of the whole. While the present work is by no means intended to serve as an elaborate analysis of pianoforte development, it seems that a proper comprehension of the various principles that are laid down in the course of our argument will be facilitated by a short survey of the evolution of the instrument, undertaken from an historical viewpoint. Even in the absence of such considerations, however, this ideal condition could not be attained.
To Sibelius it was the symbol of poetry. This is an exciting, tonally meandering piece which successfully avoids settling into G minor until the very last bars. A whimsical, ever-changing work on par with Debussy's shortest preludes e. It forms a distinctive series of worthwhile pieces. Bellis Presto; The style is that of a salon piece.
Oeillet Con moto; It was described by Erik Tawaststjerna as "the most inspired and brilliant of Sibelius's miniatures in waltz rhythm". The A flat minor variation in the middle section darkens the atmosphere a little. Iris Allegretto e deciso; This is a challenging but rewarding work for the pianist. It is both serious and poetic in its fragility and determination.
Aquileja Allegretto; This piece "Aquilegia" or "Columbine" serves its purpose as a biedermeier-style work in the manner of Edward MacDowell. Campanula Andantino; Six pieces op.
Six bagatelles op. Huit petits morceaux In his three "bread and butter" suites Sibelius comes close to the practical aesthetics of French composition and in this sense shows a kinship with Satie and Poulenc. Like many of his predecessors and contemporaries Sibelius wrote dance pastiches cf. Grieg, Paderewski, Rachmaninov, Prokofiev, etc.
The textures are restrained, yet sensuous and translucent. Nouvellette , op. The piece resembles Beethoven's bagatelles, Schumann's novellettes and Sibelius's Karelia suite. The melody is in places briskly accompanied by tenths on the left hand. The melody and the piano texture bring to mind Schumann and Brahms. Gavotte op. This is a genuine gavotte adaptation of French Baroque court ballet music. Lied op. A tender song in the spirit of Grieg. It used to be part of the repertoire of Emil Gilels.